Most employers are familiar with pre-employment drug testing as a standard hiring procedure, but employee screening may extend further depending on the position and industry requirements. When building an implementing a drug testing program, employers must take several things into consideration, including state laws to protect their company while abiding by industry requirements. Since there are many different options to choose from when creating a drug testing program, it’s important to understand the types of testing and the methodologies used to carry them out.
When a donor is called on for a hair test, an indiscriminate sample of hair is collected under direct supervision. The hair is typically collected from the head, but can be sourced from other areas of the body, such as the arms, legs, armpits, etc.
A urine test, or urinalysis, is the most common type of drug tests and can be used for pre-employment, random, or post-accident testing. Currently, it’s the only type of drug testing approved for federally-mandated DOT testing, which is important for employers who test for safety-sensitive and/or industry-specific positions. A urinalysis works by revealing the presence of a drug in a person’s urine through their metabolites, which is drug residue that remains in the body even after the effects of the drug have subsided.
The donor will select a sealed drug test sample cup and provide a urine sample. Their belongings will be placed in a secure location before providing a sample to prevent the donor from attempting to cheat. Once the sample is provided, the cup will be properly labeled, signed by the donor, and sent off to the lab for test results. Once results are complete they will be sent to the Medical Review Officer (MRO) to review.
An oral fluid test, also known as a mouth swab test or saliva test, collects a sample of saliva from the inside of the donor’s mouth. This type of testing is most efficient and ideal for catching recent drug use as the detection window ranges from a few minutes to 48 hours. It’s also easy to combine oral fluid testing in addition to another type of testing, such as urine or hair, that features a longer detection window for a more comprehensive drug testing solution.
A swab of the donor’s inner cheek will be collected, which will then be sent off to the lab for screening. This test can easily be done on-site with an FDA approved swab. If a donor has used recently this test will detect it within their saliva, unlike a urinalysis which depends on metabolites that take time to pass through the donor’s system and appear in their urine.
DISA Global Solutions’ drug testing services combine innovative technology with industry experts to help employers create custom drug testing solutions to make informed staffing decisions. Our experts can help you create a drug testing program that meets the needs of your company that are custom to your industry requirements, as well as state laws and job specifications. DISA’s drug testing solutions include:
In addition, DISA offers reasonable suspicion training to help detect and address signs of substance abuse in the workplace. To further protect your company, reasonable suspicion training and testing can prevent significant personal, health, and professional consequences. Such signs include:
If you’re curious just how much an accurate drug testing program will save you, DISA’s Drug Test Calculator is a helpful tool that will help you determine what drug abuse in your workplace could cost. Using historical data collected over the past two years, the calculator reveals how different testing methodologies will behave. To find out how different drug testing methodologies impact your workplace, click here.
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Founded in 1987, DISA is the industry-leading provider of employee screening and compliance services. Headquartered in Houston, with more than 35 offices throughout the U.S. and Canada, DISA’s comprehensive scope of services includes drug and alcohol testing, background screening, occupational health, and transportation compliance. DISA assists employers in making informed staffing decisions while building a culture of safety in their workplace.