The adverse action process is required for any action taken that denies an individual employment, credit, insurance, etc. based on information obtained through a consumer report. This three-step process complies with federal laws to protect applicants from discrimination. Although it’s the law, many companies still fail to send adverse action notices, subjecting them to potential lawsuits. Employers must abide by the guidelines set forth by the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) which requires the employer to provide a standalone disclosure informing the applicant that a consumer report may be obtained with written consent. The employer must also provide a copy of the pre-adverse notice, background report, and summary of rights to the applicant prior to an adverse action decision. If any adverse information appears on their background check, then a pre-adverse notice is used to inform the employee that something has returned which may or may not affect their hiring decision. This gives the employee an opportunity to file a dispute prior to receiving a final adverse action notice. An adverse action notice must be sent only if the employer denies the applicant employment based on the information from the background check.
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